The name diamond comes from an ancient Greek word meaning “unbreakable”. Perhaps that is why for many a diamond is the ultimate symbol for their unbreakable love and commitment. Diamonds are among the most significant and memorable gifts we will ever receive or give. As a result it can be a daunting task to choose the perfect stone.
Choosing the perfect stone – Not all diamonds are created equal, therefore diamonds undergo extensive grading. All of the grading that is done for each diamond is summarized with “The Four C’s” of diamonds. “The Four C’s” referrers to: Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat Weight, these are the four main factors that determine the diamonds grade and ultimately it’s value. Understanding “the four C’s” for quality grading is the key to unlocking the internal mystery of a diamond and choosing the perfect stone.
The Four C’s
Cut refers to the physical cut of the diamond, not the shape. The cut effects the brilliance (the light reflected from a diamond), the fire (dispersion of light into colors of the spectrum) and the scintillation (flashes of light or sparkle when a diamond is tilted).
Color is graded by how closely a diamond approaches colorlessness – the less color, the better the grade and the higher the value. (The exception to this is fancy-color diamonds, such as browns and pinks, in fancy color diamonds more color is desirable.) The scale begins with the letter D, representing colorless, and continues with increasing presence of color to the letter Z.
Clarity refers to the unique internal inclusions contained in most diamonds. Most of these are invisible without magnification. A clarity grade ranges from flawless to diamonds with obvious inclusions. Most diamonds fall in the middle of these two extremes.
Carat Weight: Diamonds, along with other gemstones are weighed in metric carats: one carat is equal to 0.2 grams. In a well proportioned stone the higher the carats, the larger the stone.
The helpful staff at Amoskeag Jewelers guide you through the process of weighing all “Four C’s” and choosing the perfect diamond to fit any budget.